Ashley Marino

How to Become Close Friends With Anyone in under 60 Minutes

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Scientists at Stony Brook University in New York have designed a method to become close friends with anyone in less than 60 minutes. If this seems too good to be true, try it out for yourself to make friends quickly.

What researchers call the “fast friend” technique(1) will not only help you build deep relationships quickly, it also helps you know what to always say next in a conversation. Professionals such as police, interrogators, and psychologists have learned how to build trust and befriend a stranger rapidly based on these findings.

The fast friend technique works best when you’re talking to someone one on one and face to face. This means the procedure is perfect to use when meeting someone over a cup of coffee, while traveling, or at a party. You could even use this method on people that you have known for a long time already to strengthen your existing friendship. The best part is that you can use it with anyone, including business colleagues, an old friend, or even a relative you’d like to get closer to.

Here’s how the fast friend technique works:

The Fast Friend Experiments

At Stony Brook, researchers have tested the fast friends procedure again and again and have found that it’s an extremely efficient way to feel comfortable with someone. It’s been shown repeatedly that this procedure of how to become friends with someone works and that it has long-lasting effects. Different variations of the original experiment have shown that the fast friends questions are even successful in creating cross-cultural friendships(2) and increasing intimacy within a couple.(3)

The original fast friend experiment was completed in 3 parts:

Part 1: Establishing the relationship

Two people that don’t know each other have been randomly assigned to each other and they know nothing about the other. 3 sets of 12 questions are handed to the participants and they’re told to alternate asking the questions to each other and to listen to the other’s responses. They’re asked to be as honest as they’re comfortable doing so.

The questions are in increasing intimacy, with more “shallow” questions toward the front of the deck and more “intimate” questions at the end.

This process should take about an hour, depending on how in depth the participants’ responses are. Once they’re done with the 36 questions, they’re sent their separate ways and are asked not to contact each other while the experiment is still going on.

Part 2: Creating intimacy

During this next meeting, the couple is asked to do the same thing they did last time, but with a different set of 36 questions. Like last time, the questions increase in intimacy as you go through the deck. It should take about an hour to answer all of the questions.

They’re again asked to not contact each other until the experiment is completed.

Part 3: Friends or just friendly?

The interactions between the two when they see each other again are examined, and participants can now ask for contact information from their partner. More often than not, participants wanted to keep in touch with their partner and see them again after the experiment was over.

If you came into this experiment to make a real friend, you were almost guaranteed to leave with one. The participants weren’t just cordial or friendly to each other, they wanted to keep in touch and continue their friendship because what they experienced simulates the same experience that otherwise takes months or years for friends to go through. Efficient, right?

Some of the Questions that the Researchers used:

The first set of 12 questions the researchers used were shallow and basically scratched the surface to get the participants to warm up to each other:

  • Would you like to be famous? In what way?
  • What would constitute a “perfect” day for you?
  • When did you last sing to yourself or to someone else?

The second set of 12 questions used were to let the participants become better friends in a less superficial way:

  • What is the greatest accomplishment of your life?
  • What is your most terrible memory?
  • If you knew that in one year you would die suddenly, would you change anything about the way you are now living? Why?

The last set of 12 is where the real friendship building happens. These are questions that many best friends don’t even ask each other, which let the participants get to know each other fast:

  • What things are too personal to discuss with others?
  • If you were guaranteed honest responses to any three questions, who would you question and what would you ask?
  • Do you believe in any sort of God? If not, do you think you might still pray if you were in a life-threatening situation?

Of course, the researchers didn’t start the questioning with philosophical questions about their beliefs because that would scare participants off. The key to using the fast friends procedure is to ask intentional questions from the start, disclose information about yourself to the other to establish trust, and then dig deeper to get to the good stuff.

The Real Life Fast Friend Procedure

When psychologists design and carry out experiments, they’re done so under heavily controlled conditions that are usually not applicable to real life scenarios. Sitting down with a new person and a deck full of flash cards might not be everyone’s idea of a good first meetup.

Here’s how to apply the principles from the fast friend procedure to your real life:

During a period that can be as brief as 45 minutes (yes, really), you’ll go through a series of questions that gradually become more and more personal. In the lab, participants read questions from a set of cards. In the real world, you have to come up with relevant questions on the fly throughout your ongoing conversation.

Remember that fast friends only works because of its progressive nature. It’s important that you start off easy and progress over time. After about 25 minutes of small talk, you can start asking about deeper matters if the person you’re talking to seems receptive.

First, ask something that is slightly personal. Make sure that you relate the question to what you are currently talking about so the question won’t feel forced.

For example, say that your friend is talking about an unpleasant phone call he or she recently had to make. You can ask, “When you make a telephone call, do you ever rehearse it beforehand?” After your friend has answered, remember to reciprocate and disclose something personal as well. You could say something along the lines of, “I actually rehearse several times when I’m about to call someone I don’t know that well, too.”

If your questions become too personal too quickly they might be perceived as unpleasant, probing and scary, so take your time and trust the process. You’ll get close as time goes on.

After about 30 minutes of talking, you can start asking about deeper matters. Again, make sure that the questions are relevant to what you’re discussing.

If you’re talking about family, an example of a deeper question could be, “How do you feel about your relationship with your mother?” Give your friend the time to answer if they feel comfortable doing so and answer the same question that you asked them. Give them the time to ask you follow up questions, too.

If the conversation is going well, you can ask even more personal questions. You could talk about vulnerability if they’re previously mentioned their insecurities and ask something like, “When was the last time you cried in front of someone else?”

If you have gradually gotten to know each other through the easier but still personal questions, then it’s fine to ask deep questions without them feeling unnatural. Your friend will let you know if at any point they don’t want to continue the conversation.

Remember to reveal as many personal things about yourself as your friend is disclosing. You can even switch the order of the questions (like in the original experiment) and start off by revealing something personal about you and then asking the person a related personal question. If you reveal personal things first, your friend should become more comfortable opening up to you.

The fast friends method works because it mimics the way that relationships actually develop. Though the description above is helpful, you don’t have to use the “full fast friends” method in every conversation you have with a new person to get to know them better.

As long as you apply the idea of asking personal questions to improve your relationships, you’re using fast friends (and your relationships will benefit from it).

Read more: How to make any conversation interesting.

Still Not Convinced? We Asked the Expert:

To get a deeper understanding of how the method works, we asked one of the developers of this procedure, Dr. Elizabeth Page-Gould in the Psychology Department at the University of Toronto, two questions.

Here’s what she had to say:

Dr. Elizabeth Page-Gould

Dr. Elizabeth Page-Gould

What is your advice or precaution to people who want to use the Fast Friend Procedure principles in their personal life to make friends?

When entering a new social group (i.e., meeting people for the first time), it’s always helpful to have some questions like the Fast Friends questions to get the conversation rolling.

Generally, people like to talk about themselves, and they will appreciate that you want to know more about them. The two things to remember, though, is that not everyone is the same, and there is a big difference between interacting with a stranger than interacting with a friend.

In my research, some people become stressed during the first Fast Friends session, although pretty much everyone becomes comfortable by the second time they do the Fast Friends with another person. So, you always have to feel out a new interaction partner: back off if they seem like they don’t want to share and be sure that you reciprocate in kind by sharing equivalent levels of information with them. For the most part, people like to be asked about themselves, especially with questions that are somewhat unique and quirky!

In short, what do you think it is in the procedure that makes it so effective?

The Fast Friends procedure is effective because it mimics the way friendships develop naturally. When you first meet someone, you move beyond mere strangers by getting to know one another. The other person may tell you a little bit more about themselves, then you respond in kind by telling them a little more about you, and the process continues back-and-forth like that. The Fast Friends procedure just formalizes and accelerates this process!

Related: My reviews of the 21 best books on how to make friends.

Your Next Steps

So, you want to use the fast friends procedure in real life? Here’s what you need to do to make it work for you:

  1. Comment below telling us your thoughts on the fast friend procedure and if you’ve used any similar technique before
  2. Find a person you’d like to become friends with or get to know better
  3. Start a conversation with the person and make small talk
  4. Begin to ask questions related to the conversation
  5. Listen to what your partner says and disclose information about yourself
  6. Continue asking questions in increasing intimacy to get to know the deep stuff about each other
  7. Celebrate because you’ve made a lasting friend!


  1. Aron, A., Melinat, E., Aron, E. N., Vallone, R. D., & Bator, R. J. (1997). The Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness: A Procedure and Some Preliminary Findings. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23(4), 363-377. doi:10.1177/0146167297234003
  2. Page-Gould, E., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Tropp, L. R. (2008). With a little help from my cross-group friend: Reducing anxiety in intergroup contexts through cross-group friendship. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95(5), 1080-1094. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.95.5.1080
  3. Slatcher, R. B. (2010). When Harry and Sally met Dick and Jane: Creating closeness between couples. Personal Relationships, 17(2), 279-297. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2010.01276.x

I'm a Phi Beta Kappa initiate graduated from Baylor University's honors college; while there, my concentrations were psychology and ASL interpreting. I hold a Master of Science degree in Environmental Design from Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, and a Bachelor of Arts degree in University Scholars the Baylor University in Waco, Texas.

Ashley Marino

I'm a Phi Beta Kappa initiate graduated from Baylor University's honors college; while there, my concentrations were psychology and ASL interpreting. I hold a Master of Science degree in Environmental Design from Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, and a Bachelor of Arts degree in University Scholars the Baylor University in Waco, Texas.

I'm a Phi Beta Kappa initiate graduated from Baylor University's honors college; while there, my concentrations were psychology and ASL interpreting. I hold a Master of Science degree in Environmental Design from Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, and a Bachelor of Arts degree in University Scholars the Baylor University in Waco, Texas.

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Comments (33)

  1. sam

    i am dying of loneliness at 45 in a snobby city and i don’t work or get out much anymore. i just got out of a 10 year relationship with a narcissist sociopath. I’ve tried to make friends for years now in my building and at events and even online-even though I’ve been used and hurts so many times i keep trying. I’m a good person with alot to offer loyal and honest and funny and intelligent and generous. i used tohave a good group of core friends but death and finding out they are using me took it all away. what’s going on?? I’m into psychology so i know the dos and don’ts- but no matter what i either end up with nothing past hello and goodbye or hostility. What is wrong with me? Everyone else seems content with social media or the occasional hello or dinner- i want a community where people drop by and call and talk and laugh without having to go to a structured social media event. Where us my tribe?

  2. Tracy A Sullivan

    Link didn t get sent to my e-mail

    • Viktor Sander

      You are subscribed to our free training now so it seems you got it fixed 🙂

  3. Tim

    I would like to try this method, but I have real problems with knowing the limits of what may be considered too personal and am constantly afraid of making situations worse, that I would be too reluctant to proceed.
    Instead I stay quiet, closed or reserved, leading to people seeing me as aloof or stand-ofish and then avoiding the awkwardness of trying to communicate with me.

  4. George

    Great article!

    In recent years, I have learned to ask questions of people from watching others (I’m an introvert and shy, so this was work), and it works really well! Plus it feels natural to me… I *am* curious about people and enjoy asking questions.

    However, even after many months of doing this with a friend, I’ve noticed that most people don’t reciprocate. I end up feeling like I know them really well, but they don’t know me very well. I know their history, what’s going on with them currently, participate in their hobbies where we overlap, etc., but if they know any of that about me it’s because I’ve volunteered some information, yet no followup questions were asked. I think I’m an interesting person and have a lot going on in my life to ask about (kids, interests, community involvement, travel), but most people don’t ask. It’s not universal… I do have a one or two friends who will ask, but these other folks make really good friends in other ways and I wish they were more curious.

    Any suggestions about how to deal with this? I’ve thought about letting them know that I like questions, but this is too hard for me to do.

    Thanks in advance!

    • Joan

      Hi George,
      Exactly! I am ALWAYS that person that shows interest…enjoys getting to know others….asks questions and wants to learn about people. The article stated…and I paraphrase…”people like to talk about themselves” YES THEY DO! It is rare to find another individual that reciprocates with questions….and is interested in learning about me! I guess we just keep trying and hope that we meet up with that one person that is actually interested in what we have to say as well. It’s a pretty selfish world out there for sure!!!
      All knowledge is great…some in theory only…but will keep trying!

        • Joan

          Thank you David for passing on the links regarding dealing with friends that only talk about themselves. It doesn’t hurt to try…I especially like the “asking for your opinion” tactic! Again…I appreciate you responding to our comments and thank you for passing on additional helpful hints!!

  5. Stefanie

    This sounds great and I can see how it would work, but short of someone giving me an exact list of questions to ask, I don’t know what kind of questions to ask people. I already know that that’s why I’m not good at talking to people. How do you develop that sense? Is it some “natural” curiosity I just don’t have?

    • Viktor Sander

      You will develop that sense with more experience in conversations, especially once your stress levels in social interactions start lowering. When you’re relaxed, your natural curiosity will start showing more and more. But it’s also something you can practice by asking yourself questions (in your head) about other people you see. This exercise might help you out on developing your curiosity:

  6. Grace

    I haven’t tried the method yet but can I still try this when it seems late? Personally I have trouble understanding if am really making friends. Because right now was the first month in my new entered school and I feel anxious because am still not close or even more like friends with my classmates except seven of my like close friends I guess. HA I am terribly sorry I know this question isnt paid or anything. And not sure if anyone will answer this but thanks anyways. Sorry but tbh I can make friends but just my own group and I can’t understand a room with classmates. to like interract idk how and explain.

  7. sule

    what of if the person you want to make friends with had known you for a unfriendly person

  8. Jeff

    Link won’t work again

    • David Morin

      Thanks, updated the link!

  9. Irwin

    For the whole list

  10. Justin

    But what if it’s a person that you used to kind of know but fell out of touch with?

    • David Morin

      Try applying the general principle, of asking gradually more personal questions and sharing equally. If they reciprocate you can get more personal. You can also let this process happen over a longer time depending on the situation.

  11. Katie

    I am very excited to try this at my school. Would it also work on entire friend groups of 3 people?
    If so, how?

  12. Moises

    Would you text this questions to someone or in person? In person is best but sometimes you do not get that chance in person. Some suggestions please.

    • Katie

      Hmmm….if I were you, then I would try to do this in person. Even though it may seem more confrontational, it is actually more comfortable and is perceived as less psychopath-y when the person you are speaking to can hear your voice.

      Hope I helped!!

      • Katie

        Though I would also suggest you ask others, as I am no social expert!

  13. Callie

    I think this is a great way for people that would be rather shy, like my younger self, or isolated from social experience to get to know other people. it’s a nice tactic to learn and experiment on new people or friends that you know already. 🙂 Friendship is the most important thing in the world.

    • cvs7

      Yea I know right.

  14. James

    I feel like this would be effective for making friends with girls, but not with guys.

  15. I’m not seeing the link to the whole list =[

    Could you guys post it?

    • David Morin

      Link fixed!

      • Tim Jones

        Hi David, do you have the link to the 36 Questions? The current one doesn’t work. It looks like you fixed it once, but now it isn’t

        • David Morin

          Fixed it again, thanks for notifying me!

  16. marlon

    would u say this work even on someone you once were good friends with but lost contact? becuz i would very much like to become good friends again with some of my old friends. thnaks!

    • David Morin

      Yes, sure Marlon. Just make sure to proceed incrementally.

  17. Crawford1

    I’m gonna try this on every girl I meet from now on, too 😉

    • sunnid

      And watch them get even more cautious. Thanks a lot, bro.

  18. Jen

    Wow! I love this method, I think I’ve been using it unconsciously for the last couple of years actually. When I was younger I only had one friend, but nowadays I don’t really have any big problems with meeting friends. I think that’s because I’ve just started listening to people more, not only to their words. I also listen to the feelings and that’s what’s made the difference to me 🙂 Keep spreading the love!